How to improve the pneumococcus vaccine

Pneumococcus kills 1 million children annually according to the World Health Organization. The key to the pathogen’s virulence is its thick sugar capsule, which is also the active ingredient in vaccines. Different strains have different capsules. Researchers just identified a new capsule for the pneumococcus — the 100th to be found after more than a century of research on the pathogen.

Mindfulness training shows promise for people with MS

New research suggests mindfulness training may help multiple sclerosis patients in two very different ways: regulating negative emotions and improving processing speed. People with MS who underwent the four-week mindfulness training not only improved more compared to those who did nothing – they also improved compared to those who tried another treatment, called adaptive cognitive training.